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Seismic design and analysis of nuclear power plant structures

《中国工程科学:英文版》2013年 第3期 | Pentti Varpasuo   (Fortum Power and Heat Oy Keilaniementie 1 Espoo 100 00048 Fortum Finland
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摘 要:The seismic design and analysis of nuclear power plant (NPP) begin with the seismic hazard assessment and design ground motion development for the site. The following steps are needed for the seismic hazard assessment and design ground motion development:a. the development of regional seismo-tectonic model with seismic source areas within 500 km radius centered to the site;b. the development of strong motion prediction equations; c. logic three development for taking into account uncertainties and seismic hazard quantification;d. the development of uniform hazard response spectra for ground motion at the site;e. simulation of acceleration time histories compatible with uniform hazard response spectra. The following phase two in seismic design of NPP structures is the analysis of structural response for the design ground motion. This second phase of the process consists of the following steps:a. development of structural models of the plant buildings;b. development of the soil model underneath the plant buildings for soilstructure interaction response analysis;c. determination of instructure response spectra for the plant buildings for the equipment response analysis. In the third phase of the seismic design and analysis the equipment is analyzed on the basis of in-structure response spectra. For this purpose the structural models of the mechanical components and piping in the plant are set up. In large 3D-structural models used today the heaviest equipment of the primary coolant circuit is included in the structural model of the reactor building. In the fourth phase the electrical equipment and automation and control equipment are seismically qualified with the aid of the in-structure spectra developed in the phase two using large three-axial shaking tables. For this purpose the smoothed envelope spectra for calculated in-structure spectra are constructed and acceleration time is fitted to these smoothed envelope spectra.
【分 类】【天文学、地球科学】 > 地球物理学 > 大地(岩石界)物理学(固体地球物理学) > 地震学 > 工程地震【工业技术】 > 建筑科学 > 建筑结构 > 特种结构 > 抗震动结构、防灾结构 > 耐震、隔震、防爆结构 > 抗震结构
【关键词】 结构抗震设计 核电厂结构 地震危险性评估 三维结构模型 地震构造模型 设计地震动 自动化控制设备 厂房设备
【出 处】 《中国工程科学:英文版》2013年 第3期 10-19页 共10页
【收 录】 中文科技期刊数据库