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敦煌悬泉置遗址出土《鸡出入簿》小议——兼说汉代量词“只”、“枚”的用法

《考古》2003年 第12期 | 王子今   北京师范大学历史学系100875
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摘 要:The so-called Chicken Account Book unearthed from the Xuanquanzhi site in Dunhuang should be called Account Book of Chicken Receipt and Expenditure according to the slip text.The chicken-counting units in the text are mainly “zhi只”and“mei枚;”sometimes numerical words are used with no counting units.In historical records,chickens are counted by the “zhi” and seldom by the “mei.” It was believed among the researchers that “zhi” and “mei” had been synonyms when used for counting.Actually two “mei” (of chicken) was equal to one “zhi”, or one “mei” equaled half “zhi.” Chickens counted by the “mei” were not living but very likely processed or semi-processed food.The study of the chicken-counting units “zhi” and “mei” is of significance to inquiring into prices in border areas of China in the Han period.
【分 类】【历史、地理】 > 中国文物考古 > 古书契 > 竹木简
【关键词】 敦煌 悬泉置遗址 《鸡出入簿》 汉代 量词 简牍
【出 处】 《考古》2003年 第12期 77-81页 共5页
【收 录】 中文科技期刊数据库